Basic Needs & Living Skills

Baca has a house where we place newly arrived young people. They are given their own room, a change of clothes and a kit of essential items. They are also taught how to use home appliances and look after themselves in the house.

Days 1-2


  • Provision of home where they feel safe and can rest
  • Change of Clothes

Baca has a new arrival house where we place newly arrived young people.  Here they have their own room that they can lock from the inside if they wish.

Upon first arriving the young person is given a quick initial tour of the house.

Baca provides new arrival kits for young people when they first arrive.  These include a change of clothes, flip flops, toiletries and towels. They are shown how to use the shower and wash facilities.

Any clothes they arrive in are washed at a high temperature or disposed of with the permission of the young person depending on their state.

We provide a basic cooked meal, usually of chicken and chips or a stew and rice, recognising many would not have eaten for some time.  All food is Halal and/or in line with the young person’s religious and dietary needs.  The assumption for all Muslim young people is that they wish to eat Halal unless they state otherwise.

After they have rested this induction is done in more detail and they are shown how to operate the TV.  The young person is encouraged to relax and rest either in the shared living space or in their room.

Weeks 1-2


  • Purchase of a full set of clothes
  • Allocation of personal allowance
  • How to clean
  • Use different appliances Personal hygiene
  • Location of shops for clothes & food

Using an agreed budget from the social services, the young person is accompanied in to town to buy a new set of clothes of their choice.

Trips into town are used to start to show the young person where best to buy good value clothes, toiletries and food. They accompany the support workers for the weekly food shopping thus quickly learning through doing. They are shown where best to buy good value clothes, toiletries and other items.  The support worker starts to show them how to pay and how you find the best deals.

The young person starts to receive their own weekly personal allowance from social services. £25 is held back from them to be used by the support worker to purchase food alongside the young person.

As the young person becomes more settled and familiar with the home, time is taken to ensure they know how to use all the appliances correctly & safely.  A support worker shows them how to use them and then supervises their use until they are confident the young person understands.

They are shown how to use the washing machine and how and where to hang out clothes to dry.  They are instructed to wash their bedding every week.

The young people are shown how to clean different areas of the house and what products to use.

Months 1-4


  • Assistance with purchase of food and basic budgeting
  • Learning to cook with UK ingredients and appliances as well as sourcing ingredients familiar to the young person
  • Introduction of cleaning routines and support in how to look after the home

Initially the food is purchased by the support worker with the young person.

They learn the best places to buy food in terms of price, quality and what meets any special needs (eg halal meat)

The time is used to teach them about the need to budget for food each week and how to spread the cost.

Over time and as the young person is ready, they are given money to purchase the food for themselves.  Initially they still shop with the support worker observing and providing minimum support, until they are ready and confident enough to go alone.

The support worker advice the young person on how to budget their weekly allowance.  Chatting through how they can make their money last.

After learning how to clean the different rooms, under supervision they are allocated a place on the house cleaning rota.  They have to clean a different communal area each week as well as clean their own room.

The support worker starts to get the young person to do more of their own cooking.  Starting with the basic chopping and simple recipes.  As the young person becomes more confident cooking workshops allows them to gain experience of cooking new and different dishes.

Semi Independence


  • Support into semi-independent living
  • Budgeting & saving
  • Volunteering opportunities & work experience

When ready the young person moves to a semi-independent housing.  The timing of this is done through agreement of the young person, the social worker and support worker.

They move to a new home where they have their own room and they are given more responsibility to meet their own basic needs.  The support worker continues to advice and guide them but the responsibility for cooking, cleaning and personal hygiene is with the young person.

The young person is encouraged to regularly save.  As they receive their weekly allowance, they are encouraged to save £5 that they can put towards larger items or for use when they reach 18.

A support worker helps them to open a building society account where the savings are placed. (If their legal case is still at a point where they can’t yet open an account, savings are held in the office for them).  They young person is shown the running total of their savings each week.

There are budgeting workshops which encourage the young people to make wise choices in shopping, looking at day-to-day needs vs desired items (eg phones and branded clothes).  They start to learn more about the costs of independent living, including utility bills and other expenses.

Volunteering opportunities or work experience opportunities are sought for the young people in line with their interests and hopes.  Opportunities will be dependent on their legal status (they need to have received a decision before they can undertake volunteering or work experience, unless it is part of an educational award).

Move to Independence


  • Help in finding new home/moving on
  • Finding appropriate accommodation based on their legal status, vulnerabilities and other needs
  • Re-enforcing the costs of independent living
  • Understanding of the support structures available

Working with the young person to look at their options; helping them to find the appropriate move on independent accommodation.

Support worker and workshops reinforce to young person about utility bills and how to manage small house maintenance issues around the house.

If required, the support worker helps them in setting up a new home, showing them where to buy good furniture on a budget and how to spread the costs. Help is given to move items they own into their new accommodation.

If their legal status allows, the support worker helps the young person access the different benefits and works with them to complete tenancy forms or apply for housing.

The young person is shown where they can go for different support.